Tag Archives: prematurity

Premature birth and the microbiome

About one in 10 babies is born prematurely. Most premature births are due either to infection or unknown causes. Recently scientists have started to think that mothers’ microbiomes – the bacteria that live, with no ill effects on and within … Continue reading

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Serum lactate levels and perfusion index: are these prognostic factors on mortality and morbidity in very low-birth weight infants?

Abstract Aim: Early hemodynamic assessment of global parameters in critically ill newborns fails and requires mostly invasive measurements in neonatal intensive care unit. Clinical signs are frequently used for assessment of peripheral perfusion. Perfusion index (PI) is a new noninvasive … Continue reading

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Edwards syndrome and birth problems

Edwards syndrome is a genetic disorder caused by anomalies on the 18th chromosome. In this study Sarah K. Dotters-Katz, from the University of North Carolina, led a team of researchers looking into the links between Edwards Syndrome and birth problems. … Continue reading

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Oral care in a neonatal intensive care unit

Abstract Objective: Compare the oral colonization profile of premature infants admitted at NICU before and after doing oral care routine with sterile water versus no intervention. Methods: It was a randomized clinical trial composed of 37 premature infants admitted at … Continue reading

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Increased ADMA levels are associated with poor pulmonary outcome in preterm neonates

Abstract Background: Nitric oxide (NO), synthesized from the amino acid L-arginine by the action of NO synthases (NOS), is a pulmonary vasodilator. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of NOS. Preterm infants have higher plasma ADMA concentrations than term … Continue reading

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