Author Archives: annabelleinster

Morbidity and mortality in patients with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn

In a recent, population-based study of infants >34 weeks of gestational age with a diagnosis of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN), who were treated in California, the discharge mortality during birth hospitalization was 6.5 percent and one-year post-discharge … Continue reading

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An economic analysis of human milk supplementation for very low birth weight babies in the USA

An exclusive human milk diet (EHMD) using human milk based products (pre-term formula and fortifiers) has been shown to lead to significant clinical benefits for very low birth weight (VLBW) babies (below 1250 g). This is expensive relative to diets that … Continue reading

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Chest circumference in full-term newborns: how can it be predicted?

Although over the years a number of studies have used chest circumference (CC) as a sensitive tool to identify the health status of infants, a particularly important aspect for this population is the lack of data on normal values and … Continue reading

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Renewed focus required on neonatal care to reduce the incidence of avoidable brain injury

A new NHS report examines how future incidents of brain injury at birth can be prevented and how families can be better supported. A report from NHS Resolution assessing the first year of its innovative Early Notification (EN) scheme to … Continue reading

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Enteral tube feeding in infants

Oral feeding (breast or bottle) is the preferred route for feeding babies, however there are a myriad of conditions that may necessitate enteral (tube) feeding. The more common conditions include prematurity, severe gastro-oesophageal reflux, failure to thrive, neurologic and neuromuscular … Continue reading

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Speech and language therapy referrals following Bayley-III developmental assessment on ex-preterms

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance recommends multidisciplinary team input during enhanced developmental surveillance for up to two years corrected age in ex-preterm children. However, achieving this may be challenging because of resource constraints. There is a … Continue reading

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Management and outcome for babies born with an exomphalos

Exomphalos is an abdominal wall defect that is commonly associated with other abnormalities and/or chromosomal anomalies; however, there is limited information about the incidence of co-morbidities, management strategies and outcomes in this population. This retrospective case review describes key outcomes … Continue reading

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