Author Archives: annabelleinster

Impact of preterm birth on infant mortality for newborns with congenital heart defects: The EPICARD population-based cohort study

Congenital heart defects (CHD) and preterm birth (PTB) are major causes of infant mortality. However, limited data exist on risk of mortality associated with PTB for newborns with CHD. The study objective was to assess impact of PTB on risk … Continue reading

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Neonatal respiratory morbidity following exposure to chorioamnionitis

There are conflicting results in the literature on the impact of chorioamnionitis on neonatal respiratory morbidities. This study aimed to determine whether chorioamnionitis affects the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) after accounting for the increased … Continue reading

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Clonidine for neonates receiving mechanical ventilation

A new Cochrane Systematic Review looking at whether clonidine reduces mortality and the duration of mechanical ventilation in term and preterm newborn infants has found that “Clonidine did not reduce death, duration of mechanical ventilation, or duration of stay in the … Continue reading

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Rallying the Troops: How Sharing Knowledge With Grandparents Supports the Family of the Preterm Infant in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

Research concludes that there is a need for educational programs for grandmothers, as well as networking opportunities; educational programs for other extended family members have long been sought by parents, relatives, and nurses in neonatal intensive care unit. The purpose of … Continue reading

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NICU Nurses and Lactation-Based Support and Care

The purpose of this study was to describe how NICU bedside nurses are providing lactation-based support and care during their shifts and the frequency of that support. The secondary aim was to gain an understanding of the NICU nurses’ attitudes … Continue reading

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Does Music Positively Impact Preterm Infant Outcomes?

The hospital environment leaves preterm infants (PTIs) exposed to various stressors that can disrupt their growth and development. Developmental interventions such as music may be an important strategy to mitigate PTI’s stress. This brief evaluates current evidence regarding the impact … Continue reading

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When is the use of pacifiers justifiable in the baby-friendly hospital initiative context? A clinician’s guide

This discussion presents the argument that pacifier use is justifiable in specific conditions, such as immaturity and other medical situations and when the mother is not available. The benefits of using pacifiers are reported in the literature as supporting soothing in … Continue reading

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