Category Archives: Uncategorized

Iron nutrition, erythrocytes, and erythropoietin in the NICU: erythropoietic and neuroprotective effects

Prematurity, maternal diabetes, maternal smoking, being medically underserved, and small size for gestational age are common characteristics of neonates in the NICU and can predispose them to develop congenital iron deficiency. Iron is critical for organ development. In the fetus … Continue reading

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Impact of a mobile application for heart rate assessment in simulated neonatal resuscitation: a randomised controlled cross-over study

Clinical assessment of newborn heart rate (HR) at birth has been reported to be inaccurate. NeoTapAdvancedSupport (NeoTapAS) is a free-of-charge mobile application that showed good accuracy in HR estimation. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of NeoTapAS on timing … Continue reading

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Lactation newsmakers: protecting breastfeeding from conflicts of interest

In order to maximize profits from sales of breastmilk substitutes, manufacturers use a whole gamut of strategies to interfere with the effective implementation of policies that protect, promote, and support breastfeeding (e.g., the¬†International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes¬†with its … Continue reading

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Ankyloglossia identification, diagnosis, and frenotomy: a qualitative study of community referral pathways

Researchers and practitioners continue to debate the most appropriate assessment, diagnostic, and treatment practices for ankyloglossia (tongue-tie). Health care workers struggle to provide evidence-based care in the absence of consistent standards. The aims of this pilot study were to qualitatively … Continue reading

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Erythropoietin (EPO) not neuroprotective in extremely preterm infants

Previous observational data had suggested that prophylactic recombinant erythropoietin (EPO) was neuroprotective in extremely preterm (EPT) infants (gestational age <28 weeks). However, a recent multicenter randomized trial of over 900 EPT infants found that EPO did not improve neurodevelopmental outcomes … Continue reading

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Late preterm infants and failed car seat testing

It remains uncertain whether late preterm infants (LPT, gestational age 34 to <38 weeks) are at significant risk for cardiopulmonary events when placed in a car seat. However, in a study of 918 LPT infants, 5 percent failed a car … Continue reading

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Targeted Staphylococcus aureus decolonization of parents of NICU infants

Staphylococcus aureus is an important cause of infection in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and parents are a frequent source of exposure. In a randomized trial in two NICUs, S. aureus-colonized parents of over 200 NICU infants were assigned … Continue reading

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