Category Archives: Uncategorized

Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome: are risk factors the same in preterm and term infants?

Abstract Objective: To analyze respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) incidence and risk factors at different gestational age. Methods: We considered data from 321 327 infants born in Lombardy, a Northern Italian Region. We computed multivariate analysis to identify risk factors for … Continue reading

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Evaluating the influence of ventilation and ventilation-compression synchronization on chest compression force and depth during simulated neonatal resuscitation

Abstract Objectives: To investigate the influence of ventilation and ventilation-compression synchronization on compression force and sternal displacement during simulated neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (NCPR) on an infant manikin. Methods: Five Neonatal Resuscitation Program trained clinicians were recruited to perform simulated NCPR … Continue reading

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Early, rapidly progressive enteral nutrition promotes growth of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants

Abstract Aim: This study describes the effects of a quality improvement program to promote improved postnatal nutrition on the growth of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Methods: Daily data regarding nutrition and growth were collected from the medical record … Continue reading

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Changes in lactate dehydrogenase are associated with central gray matter lesions in newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy

Abstract Purpose: Biomarkers may predict neurological prognosis in infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). We evaluated the relationship between serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which predicts neurodevelopmental outcomes, in order to assess whether LDH levels are … Continue reading

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Serum lactate levels and perfusion index: are these prognostic factors on mortality and morbidity in very low-birth weight infants?

Abstract Aim: Early hemodynamic assessment of global parameters in critically ill newborns fails and requires mostly invasive measurements in neonatal intensive care unit. Clinical signs are frequently used for assessment of peripheral perfusion. Perfusion index (PI) is a new noninvasive … Continue reading

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Total energy intake accounts for postnatal anthropometric growth in moderately/late preterm infants

Abstract Objective: Moderately preterm (MP) (32–33 weeks) and late preterm (LP) (34–36 weeks) infants have higher risks of mortality and growth and developmental problems. We, herein present a new concept of nutritional assessment, total energy intake (TEI), which is the … Continue reading

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Leminorella sepsis in very low birth weight neonate as cause of neonatal mortality

Abstract Leminorella is a member of Enterobacteriaceae family and was known previously as Enteric Group 57. Based upon genetic differences using DNA hybridization, it has three taxa: Leminorella grimontii, Leminorella richardii, and Leminorella sp. strain 3. The third one is … Continue reading

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