Much as people would like to believe everything ends happily ever after once babies are sent home from an intensive care unit (NICU)many of them remain poorly and end up having to come back to hospital every so often. In this study Dennis Z. Kuo, from the University at Buffalo, in New York, led a team of researchers looking into what happened to 4,973 babies once they left the intensive-care unit. Most (69.5%) of the health-care costs generated by the babies occurred in the first year after they had left the NICU. Inpatient costs accounted for most of this spending. The percentages of babies with a 1-year readmission or visit to an emergency department were 36.8% and 63.7% respectively. Babies who were dependent on medical technology were 17.8 times more likely to be readmitted to hospital and 2.3 times as likely to be admitted to an emergency department.
You can read the abstract of this article here.