Targeted echocardiography has been promoted by neonatologists in recent years but some aspects of its efficacy remain unexplored. We carried out a survey among trainees of targeted echocardiography courses in order to describe their professional characteristics and abilities. Thirty-eight former trainees were included in the survey. Seventy-six percent were experienced neonatologists and 84% practiced other bedside ultrasound diagnostics. Respondents practiced all major indications of targeted echocardiography, with a variable degree of interaction with available Cardiology services. For all but one indications, less than half of the participants use it independently of a pediatric cardiologist support, with percentages varied between 2% (for use of inhaled nitric oxide) and 53% (to assess myocardial contractility). When planning a standard of education and evaluation of targeted echocardiography, a careful consideration of the profile of the final utilizer is an invaluable piece of information.
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