Early-onset preeclampsia is associated with perinatal mortality and severe neonatal morbidity

Objective: To evaluate neonatal outcomes of pregnancies complicated by early-onset preeclampsia (PE) and compare these outcomes to those of gestational age matched neonates born to mothers whose pregnancy was not complicated by early-onset PE.

Methods: We analyzed the outcome in 97 neonates born to mothers with early-onset PE (24–32 weeks amenorrhea at diagnosis) and compared it to that of 680 gestational age-matched neonates born between 25–36 weeks due to other etiologies and admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of a tertiary referral hospital in the Netherlands. We used Chi-square test, Wilcoxon test, and logistic regression analyses.

Results: Neonates born to PE mothers had a higher perinatal mortality (13% vs. 7%, p = 0.03) and infant mortality (16% vs. 9%, p= 0.03), a 20% lower birth weight (1150 vs. 1430 g, p<0.001), were more often SGA (22% vs. 9%, p < 0.001) and had more neonatal complications as compared to neonates born to mothers without PE.

Conclusions: Overall adverse perinatal outcome is significantly worse in neonates born to mothers with early-onset PE. The effect of early-onset PE on perinatal mortality seems partially due to SGA. Whether these differences are due to uteroplacental factors or intrinsic neonatal factors remains to be elucidated.

To view the article abstract click here.

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