Could the bacteria sometime used preventatively before women have Caesarean sections contribute to people developing lung problems? Recently scientists have become increasingly interested in the biome – the bacteria that live in and alongside people. A study on mice at Cincinatti Children’s Hospital Medical Centre in Ohio found that chemicals released by gut bacteria played a part in signalling to developing lungs when to build immune cells, how many to make and when to use them. When the researchers leading the study disrupted the gut bacteria the new-born mice became more likely to develop pneumonia and die. According to the study’s lead author Hitesh Deshmukh it takes treating 200 women with precautionary antibiotics to prevent one infection so they may do more harm than good.
You can read an abstract of this article here.