Premature babies often suffer from eye problems (retinopathy of prematurity). In this study – led by Sakeer Vayalthrikkovil from the University of Calgary in Canada – a team of researchers looked into the evidence about the effect of omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil in preventing retinopathy of prematurity. They found six high-quality studies into this topic which showed that omega-3 fatty acids did reduce the risk of retinopathy of prematurity. The fish acids also reduced cholestasis (a reduction or stoppage in bile flow) but had no effect on lung problems, necrotizing enterocolitis, sepsis, intraventricular haemorrhage or death rates.
You can read the abstract of this article here.