Infants and families who have received care through NICUs experience multiple prolonged physiological, social, and emotional challenges. In addition to their NICU experiences, many families are presenting with increasingly diverse family structures and complex social conditions. In this article, the current state of knowledge on the concept of trauma-informed care will be reviewed from the perspective of infant and early childhood mental health development. This is the second part of a two-part series on trauma-informed care. The first part addressed this approach from a woman-centered care perspective. Recognizing the impact of trauma and implementing trauma-informed practices in the NICU holds potential for improving outcomes for infants.
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